Jul. 26, 2000
Mark Stern Wakes Up
It's the birthday of movie director Stanley Kubrick, born in New York City (1928). His first big film was Spartacus (1960), which was produced by the star, Kirk Douglas. After that, Kubrick vowed never to make another film unless he had total artistic freedom-and he managed to keep that vow. His best known films are Dr. Strangelove, or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb (1964), 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968), Clockwork Orange (1971-based on the novel by Anthony Burgess), and The Shining (1980-from Stephen King's horror novel).
On this day in 1908, the Federal Bureau of Investigation was founded within the Department of Justice. In 1924, Justice Department lawyer J. Edgar Hoover became director of the bureau, and ran it for 48 years. After that, Congress limited the term of any F.B.I. director to 10 years.
It's the birthday of writer Paul Gallico, born in New York City (1897). He wrote about sports, he wrote screenplays, he wrote short stories, and he also wrote a number of works for children. The most popular of these was The Snow Goose (1941), a novella about a crippled painter who lives in a lighthouse on the lonely coast of Essex County in England. One day a girl brings the painter a wounded snow goose, which he nurses back to health. The goose returns each year, as does the girl; a romance develops. But then the artist is killed rescuing soldiers after the evacuation of Dunkirk.
It's the birthday of writer and mystic Aldous (Leonard) Huxley, born in Godalming, Surrey (1894), author of Brave New World (1932), Point Counter Point (1928), and other books.
It's the birthday of German artist George Grosz, born in Berlin (1893)-who founded the Berlin wing of the Dada movement. The Nazis were outraged by his drawings, and they drove him out in 1933.
It's the birthday of psychoanalyst Carl (Gustav) Jung, born in Kesswil, Switzerland (1875). He collaborated with Freud (1907-13), then went his own way, founding the school of 'Analytical Psychology.' He gave psychology the terms 'complex,' 'collective unconscious,' 'extrovert'-'introvert,' 'archetype,' and 'individuation.' He said, "Show me a sane man and I will cure him for you."
It's the birthday of playwright George Bernard Shaw, born in Dublin (1856). He devoted many years becoming a novelist, and was a great failure. Finally he turned to writing plays. All told, Shaw wrote over 50 of them, including Major Barbara (1905), Pygmalion (1913), and Saint Joan (1923).
Be well, do good work, and keep in touch.®